Images captured from NASA’s satellites reveals disappearance of two ice caps in Canada as predicted by the director of National Snow and Ice Data Center, Mark Serreze, who co-wrote a paper back in 2017 predicting the phenomenon to happen in about five years from publishing.
"I can't say I was terribly surprised because we knew they were going, but it has happened really fast," Serreze said to CNN.
The ice caps were previously on the Hazen Plateau of northeastern Ellesmere Island in Nunavut. One of the caps was 3 square miles in size and the other was 1.1 square miles based on information dated from 1959 and have been diminishing since.
According to scientific estimations, they would have been bigger back during the Ice Age around the 16th to 19th centuries and were initially formed some 5,000 years ago. Extreme temperatures during the 2015 summer season significantly decreased the life span of the ice caps. But that was only the beginning, and with the global warming and climate change issue, the global temperature is only warming up every year.
More ice caps are also on the verge of melting in the same location, even the ones situated in a higher area. Serreze predicted again that they would be “gone in a decade.”
The term ‘Arctic Amplification’ refers to the observation that the Arctic gets more heat than other parts of the globe. This is mainly due to the loss of ice in the sea, making the ocean surface absorb more heat from the sun. Heat just bounces back and forth from the ocean to the atmosphere.
The Earth has been losing a lot of its important ice caps and glaciers in the last decades to climate change and global warming.
New satellite technology by NASA has contributed a lot in the observation and monitoring of changes in the planet’s surface that ultimately reflect ground activity along with the constant development of technology. This makes future phenomena easier to predict and make accurate reports on what is going on with the world.