Did you know that more than 150 Americans drink 400 million cups of coffee per day? That is from the research made by myfriendcoffee.com in their compilation of the most detailed coffee statistics 2020.
An average American can consume almost 3 cups of coffee every day, but how many would actually wonder if how that captivating drink was made?
Well, coffee did not just pop out of nowhere, there lies wonder in every cup of your coffee.
The discovery of the wonder
It is from the beans inside the berries of a shrub-like plant named Coffe a plant, mostly found in Southern Africa and Asia.
Legends have it that in Ethiopia in the ancient coffee forest, a herder named Kaldi found out about his goat who ate berries that made his goat full of energy. He even noticed that it had not slept that night.
Then, Kaldi, who was curious and fascinated, looked for the berries that made his goat energetic. There he unraveled the potential of the delicious coffee that soon spread throughout the world.
The wonder of the word ‘coffee’
The word 'coffee' become known in the English language in 1582 through the Dutch word koffie that turned out to be borrowed from Ottoman Turkish then from the Arabic word qahwa, which means wine.
The reason why it is originated from the word qahwa because coffee became the replacement instead of wine since alcohol is prohibited to Islam. Qahwa is sometimes associated with power or energy as the effect of coffee that gives strength.
Varieties of Coffee Beans
Although there are many sub-varieties, all of those only fell under two main types of coffees are namely Arabica and Robusta coffee.
They are both coffees, but they definitely have differences that make each one unique in their kind of way.
As the name suggests, this coffee is made from the plant Coffea arabica that is dominant in the highlands of Ethiopia with a tropical climate. Besides the captivating smell of the coffee itself, the plant also blooms little white flowers that smell nice.
Arabica is the most common and popular coffee in the world, and Brazil as the largest producer. The demand for this kind of coffee is quite high that made it costly.
Although costly, it's one of the best choices because of its chocolatey flavor combined with nuts and caramel and blended with a slight bitterness.
Another reason for it being loved by many is its low acidity level of 5.5% to 8%. The acidity level contributes to the bitterness of the coffee; that's why Arabica is less bitter than Robusta coffee.
It is made from another species of Coffea, the Coffea robusta, typically seen in Sub-Saharan Africa, mostly Western and Central.
It also blooms flowers the same as the Coffea arabica's small white flowers with a smell like Jasmine flower.
This type of coffee plant can survive in hot places and less sensitive to insects that made it flourish. The plant's excellent crop yield is the very reason it is much cheaper than Arabica coffee.
Robusta is second from Arabica and Vietnam as the biggest producer of Robusta. It is said that most of the instant coffees out in the store and the espresso blend are made from Robusta coffee.
Most people are not fond of this coffee because of its high acidity level, 7% to 10% of acid from it. But, this acid is the reason why the plants are not prone to insects because the acid serves as the chemical defense to insects.
It contains less sugar making the taste quite bitter, earthy flavor, and best described by people as burnt rubbery with an aftertaste of peanut flavor.
Although, it is not always the case for the Robusta coffee to produce the earthy taste as it will still depend on the state of the beans and the process.
"Which one is better for a perfect coffee then?" you will surely ask, the answer is none. None is better if you will base it on the kind of bean and its origin.
The wonder behind your favorite aromatic coffee lies in the mixture of good coffee beans, excellent processing, then you and your own coffee preference.